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  • #16
    Canadian agency ready to help make 1,700-mile pipeline a reality

    Legislators consider Lower 48 gas exports
    March 27, 2012 By Pat Forgey

    With Alaska’s gas export plans now looking equally at a pipeline to Valdez that would export liquefied natural gas to Asia as they are to the state’s first choice, across Canada to the Lower 48, two Canadian officials told the Legislature on Monday they remain ready to assist with the Canada option...

    In 2007, there was a competition to build a Lower 48 line, with two competing efforts underway. The Alaska Gasline Inducement Act , or AGIA, sponsored an effort by TransCanada Corp., later joined by Exxon Mobil Co. to advance a Lower 48 or Valdez LNG project.

    At the same time, BP and ConocoPhillips Co. began working together to build their own line to the Lower 48.

    Both ventures were looking at a 48-inch diameter, 1,700-mile line to the Alberta natural gas hub expected to cost between $32 and $41 billion dollars.

    The BP-ConocoPhillips line did not include an LNG option and was abandoned following the boom in shale gas production in Canada and the Lower 48 drove down the project’s economic value...

    “Canada is exporting loads of gas into the United States right now,” he said...“It’s not for Canadian consumption, it’s for U.S. consumption,” Taylor said.


    • #17
      TransCanada to concentrate on all-Alaska LNG pipeline

      Alaska, Exxon deal opens way for LNG exports
      By Yereth Rosen ANCHORAGE, Alaska | Fri Mar 30, 2012

      (Reuters) - Alaska has reached a settlement with Exxon Mobil Corp... paving the way for a $26 billion pipeline and an export plant for LNG.

      ... Exxon and partners BP and ConocoPhillips have agreed to build a pipeline from the field to deliver 70,000 barrels per day of liquids into the Trans Alaska Pipeline System.

      ...Alaska Governor Sean Parnell said the companies had agreed to work with TransCanada Corp on the new pipeline project, which proposes to export gas just as Alaska's 40-year-old and only existing LNG plant at Kenai closes down.

      Point Thomson holds about 8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and the companies are expected to join a growing list of U.S. projects aiming to export LNG as domestic production soars...

      TransCanada said its Alaska pipeline project, which could take gas from Point Thomson, would concentrate on the LNG export option...


      • #18
        LNG fills gap as Japan prepares to take last nuclear unit offline

        March 28, 2012
        LNG-Soaked Japan Burns Oil as Reactors Sit Idle: Energy Markets

        March 28 (Bloomberg) -- Japan is consuming the most oil in four years as it runs out of capacity to use liquefied natural gas as a stopgap for idled nuclear-power plants.

        ...Japan, the world's biggest buyer of LNG, has imported record amounts of the fuel in response to the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami that wrecked three reactors at the Fukushima plant northeast of Tokyo, triggering the worst radiation leak since Chernobyl in the 1980s. The country relied on nuclear sources for almost 30 percent of its electricity before the disaster.

        LNG Processing Limits

        Japan may already be purchasing more LNG than it can process, data from the country's trade ministry show. The nation's power producers have enough gas-fired generators for about 63 gigawatts of electricity a year, according to trade ministry data. That's equivalent to about 63 million metric tons of LNG. Japan imported almost 71 million tons in the year through March 2011.

        Japanese officials are wary of turning back to nuclear power. With the closure of a Tokyo Electric Power Co. unit in Niigata prefecture for maintenance on March 26, Japan has one of its 54 reactors in operation, Bloomberg data show.
        Assuming none of its reactors return before the last remaining unit shuts for maintenance on May 5, the country will have no atomic power. Japan's utilities are running stress tests to assess whether reactors can withstand the kind of earthquakes and tsunamis that caused the meltdown at Fukushima...


        • #19
          Canadian gas exporters gain ground with Kitimat LNG project


          American plans to become a major exporter of liquid natural gas (LNG) to Asia could be stymied by politics, slow approvals and U.S. regulators’ desire for more study of future domestic gas demand, says a report by global research consulting company Wood Mackenzie.

          “Right now the U.S. has an advantage (in North America) in terms of liquefaction, with five brownfield projects (established LNG import terminals that can be converted to export terminals). But it is an advantage that can be squandered,” Amber McCullagh, co-author of the report, said in an interview from Houston.

          This could have a positive impact on plans to build an LNG export hub at Kitimat, B.C., where a project by Apache Corp. and partners Encana and EOG Corp. is in advanced engineering. A final decision is expected later this year...

          “Certainly with nothing yet built, Canada faces different challenges than the U.S., which could be shipping out LNG by 2016. But the longer you wait, new options emerge and there is new competition to face,” McCullagh said.

          Cheniere Energy’s current Sabine Pass import terminal in Louisiana, which will be rebuilt for export shipments, is the only U.S. project that has been approved to ship out U.S. natural gas. It is also the only project in North America with long-term sales contracts signed.

          “The increasing politicization of U.S. exports makes the U.S. look like a less attractive supply source in terms of political risk, and now it looks like export approvals could be delayed, so the U.S. can’t meet the most attractive window for LNG development,” McCullagh said...

          Perhaps ironically, if Canadian LNG exports expand more quickly than American exports, “you would have the same price impact on the North American market ... but the U.S. would not get the economic benefit of the facility itself,” she added.

          Natural gas travels across North America through a grid of pipelines that creates a single market for producers.

          North American producers will have plenty of competition for the Asian LNG market in the next decade. Large gas projects are planned for offshore areas of Western Australia and Indonesia, and substantial reserves were recently discovered in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa.

          [email protected]


          • #20
            B.C. to build 3 liquefied natural gas plants by 2020


            Dirk Meissner , The Canadian Press Friday Feb. 3, 2012

            Premier Christy Clark...was at Burnaby's BCIT campus Friday to support plans to pipe natural gas from northeast B.C. to the north coast at Kitimat, where it will be frozen and placed on tankers bound for Asia. The LNG export plans are major components of Clark's B.C. Jobs Plan, but the province has to move quickly because it faces competition from Australia and Qatar for the Asian markets.

            At a briefing prior to the official announcement, government officials said Clark will introduce changes to provincial energy self-sufficiency policies to make room for the LNG plants, which require enormous amounts of energy to operate....
            Clark has often said the LNG developments offer the province a generational opportunity to create jobs and revenues, and it is up to the government to find green solutions.


            • #21
              DOE to halt issuing LNG export licenses


              Washington, 6 December (Argus) — US Department of Energy (DOE) will not grant additional licenses to export domestically-produced natural gas to all international markets until completing a review of cumulative economic impacts of liquefaction projects on US markets, a senior agency official said today.

              The federal energy regulators appear to be sensitive to political pressure that could arise if LNG exports from the US lift domestic natural gas prices. The agency could reconsider the already granted applications if energy security or other factors are an issue, according to John Anderson, manager of natural gas regulatory activities at DOE's Office of Fossil Fuels.

              Developers have proposed six US liquefaction projects encompassing a total export capacity of 69mn t/yr, or the gas equivalent of 9.5 Bcf/d (269mn m³/d), based on agency records. Cheniere Energy's proposed 2.2 Bcf/d Sabine Pass liquefaction plant in Louisiana secured DOE permission to export to all international markets in May, following an eight-month review.

              But other proposed projects will have to wait until DOE reviews two studies it has commissioned to look into cumulative impacts of liquefaction projects and exports, Anderson said today in Washington, DC, during a briefing hosted by the US Energy Association.

              The studies are expected to be completed in the first quarter of 2012, he said...


              • #22
                Oregon LNG plant still in limbo as Canada creates jobs in Kitimat B.C. to export LNG


                Jordan Cove investors may build power plant
                By Gail Elber, Staff Writer November 17, 2010

                ...if the Jordan Cove facility is built, it would benefit the South Dunes (LNG) plant because gas being shipped from Jordan Cove would keep the (Coos Bay) 12-inch pipeline full, Braddock said.

                He said LNG shippers, the customers of Jordan Cove, probably would prefer to have their gas shipped via the county's (existing) 12-inch pipeline rather than the proposed 36-inch Pacific Connector. That's because transmission rates would be cheaper on the county's pipeline.

                Currently, during the winter, demand for gas in other parts of the West sometimes means that the Coos County pipeline isn't filled to capacity...

                Just as the LNG plant would benefit the power plant, the power plant would benefit the Jordan Cove facility.



                Environmental factors and trouble with the company that installed the pipeline
                07/25/2004 By Winston Ross The Register-Guard


                Pipeline promises economic bonanza (New Sawmill in Oregon. Timber!)
                The Register-Guard | 7/27/04 | Winston Ross


                • #23
                  Canada Approves Second Liquefied Natural Gas Export License


                  By Edward Welsch DOW JONES NEWSWIRES

                  ...The BC LNG Export Co-operative, comprising 13 small producers, received a 20-year license to ship 2.4 billion cubic meters a year to markets in Asia from the western port city of Kitimat, B.C. The project is a joint-venture between Houston'sLNG Partners LLC and British Columbia's Haisla First Nation. It envisions allowing smaller producers to export natural gas abroad where it can fetch better prices...

                  BC LNG's export license is the second issued by the Canadian government, after it granted an export license last year to a larger LNG export joint venture between Apache Corp. (APA), Encana Corp. (ECA) and EOG Resources Inc. (EOG), also located in Kitimat.


                  • #24
                    Feds Deal Blow To Proposed Jordan Cove Gas Terminal


                    April 16, 2012 by ROB MANNING

                    Federal energy officials Monday dealt a serious setback to a liquefied natural gas terminal proposed for Oregon’s South Coast.

                    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission withdrew approvals it granted more than two years ago for both the Jordan Cove LNG terminal and the associated pipeline. The order points to a recent change in the project from a terminal that would import natural gas, to one that would export it. Oregon Department of Justice spokesman Tony Green says his office was arguing that Jordan Cove couldn’t just switch from one to the other...

                    The earlier approvals were vacated "without prejudice" so Jordan Cove can start the process all over again. Officials with Jordan Cove didn’t immediately comment.


                    • #25
                      Widening of Kitimat gas pipeline wins approval


                      B.C. terminal would ship Canadian gas to Asia
                      *By Dina O'Meara, Calgary Herald April 18, 2012

                      CALGARY - Proponents of what could be Canada's first liquefied natural gas export terminal have won an application to widen the pipeline feeding the proposed facility in Kitimat, B.C.

                      The revamped $1-billion Pacific Trails pipeline, stretching from the northeast corner of the province to the marine terminal, will now be 106 centimetres (42 inches) in diameter instead of 91 cm (36 in.), according to documents from the B.C. Environmental Assessment Office.

                      The Summit-to-Kitimat pipeline will be the main supply link for Encana Corp., Apache Canada and EOG Resources' $4.5-billion LNG facility, set to launch in 2015...

                      "The proponent has indicated to (environmental assessment office) that the purpose of the larger diameter pipe is not to increase the flow of gas, but to decrease friction of gas movement and therefore energy usage and operational costs," the partnership said in its Dec. 19 application...

                      Canadian producers, wallowing in abundant North American shale gas volumes, are seeking to profit from strong Pan Asian demand for LNG. Energy firms across North America have been jostling for position to access markets in Japan, Korea and China where the super-cooled fuel fetches approximately $16 US compared with $2 US in New York.

                      The $4.5-billion Kitimat LNG project was the first in Canada to be approved for an export licence by federal regulators in October 2011...


                      • #26
                        Freeport Texas LNG's Gas Pretreatment Facility


                        Freeport TX LNG Plans Relocation of Natural Gas Pretreatment Facility

                        Houston, April 13, 2012 – Freeport LNG announced today that it had entered into an option agreement to purchase approximately 400 acres of land located about one mile southeast of the city of Oyster Creek near County Road 690 and State Highway 332 in order to relocate the future site of a natural gas pretreatment facility, which is part of Freeport LNG’s overall natural gas liquefaction project...

                        “The new site is a ‘win-win’ for us to be able to find a location that addresses the concerns of the residents in the area near the prior site, and alleviate certain development limitations with the prior site.” said Mark Mallett, FLNG’s Vice President of Operations and Engineering. “This is a solution to an issue that benefits both the surrounding communities and Freeport LNG.” Freeport LNG’s natural gas liquefaction project is an important investment in the Brazoria County community, involving over $4 billion of direct capital investment in the area, adding over 2,000 local jobs during the project’s four year construction, and adding approximately 180-190 full time positions to Freeport LNG’s operations...

                        The Freeport LNG natural gas pretreatment facility is necessary to process and treat the incoming natural gas so that it can be transported to Freeport LNG’s Quintana Island Terminal for liquefaction. When the natural gas arrives at the pretreatment facility, it is the same quality natural gas that is used every day by consumers and burned in furnaces, gas stoves and hot water heaters in private homes. However, all natural gas contains very small or trace quantities of impurities that, while unnoticeable and safe in the gas burned in private homes, negatively affect the natural gas liquefaction processes. The purpose of the pretreatment facility is to remove the trace impurities from the natural gas that will be delivered to the LNG Terminal on Quintana Island...

                        Pending approval of the liquefaction project by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) and other permitting agencies, construction of the Liquefaction Plant and support facilities will begin in mid-2013...

                        ...Freeport LNG’s liquefaction project will not only grow Freeport LNG’s business and employee base but will also bring thousands of quality jobs and significant economic benefits to Brazoria County.


                        • #27
                          B.C. to build 3 liquefied natural gas plants by 2020


                          Dirk Meissner , The Canadian Press Feb. 3, 2012

                          Premier Christy Clark...was at Burnaby's BCIT campus Friday to support plans to pipe natural gas from northeast B.C. to the north coast at Kitimat, where it will be frozen and placed on tankers bound for Asia. The LNG export plans are major components of Clark's B.C. Jobs Plan, but the province has to move quickly because it faces competition from Australia and Qatar for the Asian markets.

                          At a briefing prior to the official announcement, government officials said Clark will introduce changes to provincial energy self-sufficiency policies to make room for the LNG plants, which require enormous amounts of energy to operate....

                          Clark has often said the LNG developments offer the province a generational opportunity to create jobs and revenues, and it is up to the government to find green solutions.


                          • #28
                            Re: Alaska LNG exports to Japan mark 40th aniversary

                            We need to export natural gas for the sake of our economy. See . We are broke. We can have natural gas at half the price of gasoline while still exporting. We need a lot of investment to make the switch to a natural gas economy. The infrastructure will take too long if the price of natural gas does not allow a fair profit. We need to balance our import/export deficit, and to improve our economy while increasing jobs. The natural gas boom is worldwide. Almost everyone has it. We have the technology, but it can go anywhere. Foreign countries will outbid us and our companies will focus on helping them, and making a profit. I have no stocks, by the way.


                            • #29
                              Astoria Oregon LNG export pipeline to cross Columbia River from Washington State


                              LNG debate resurfaces
                              April 27, 2012 By Don Patterson

                              A new proposal for an LNG processing terminal in Warrenton to liquefy and ship natural gas overseas, is likely to be begin the permit process soon.

                              Oregon LNC and Oregon Pipeline plan to collaborate on a facility to bring natural gas from Canada by pipeline and ship up to 9 million tons of liquefied natural gas per year by specially designed tankers from a terminal in Warrenton. The gas would be destined for Asia markets...

                              Residents and some political leaders, including Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), have questioned exporting energy from the U.S., but Peter Hansen, CEO of both Oregon LNC and Oregon Pipeline, said the gas being exported is from Canada and is slated for overseas markets. “It is earmarked for export anyway,” said Hansen.

                              ...The proposed pipeline bringing gas to Warrenton is 86 miles long; 40 miles shorter than the one previously proposed. It also follows a different path. The pipe will cross the Columbia River at Woodland, Wash., cross a sparsely populated portion of Columbia County to U.S. Highway 26, then travel up the coast to Warrenton.

                              ...The new route affects 87 landowners instead of the more than 220, according to Oregon LNG information. It will not affect landowners in Clackamas, Marion, Washington or Yamhill counties, but will have an impact on five landowners in Columbia County, 17 in Cowlitz County, Wash., and 26 in Clatsop County.

                              ...The project is expected to employ an average of 3,024 workers per year during construction of the facility and provide 149 jobs during operation. Most of those jobs would go to Oregon and Washington residents, Hansen promised.

                              ...While Oregon is farther than Canadian ports, Oregon LNG’s proposal uses existing infrastructure, making it quicker and less expensive to build.

                              ...“I have no doubt that the incredibly strong and persistent opposition by Oregonians contributed to Oregon LNG’s decision to move the pipeline out of the Willamette Valley,” Brett Vanderheuvel, executive director of Columbia Riverkeepers, said.


                              • #30
                                Canada must speed development of liquefied natural gas export


                                Canada must invest $50 billion to stay in LNG race
                                BY REBECCA PENTY, CALGARY HERALD MAY 10, 2012

                                CALGARY — Canada must speed development of liquefied natural gas export projects to compete with emerging international players also vying to supply growing Asian economies, Ernst & Young argues in a new report that puts the tab for infrastructure needed over the next decade at $50 billion...

                                “The opportunity window will be open for a finite period of time,” he said. “Certain companies are asking the question, ‘Canada has these resources, can they get those resources to the Asian market and can they do it quickly?

                                ...LNG proponents in Canada, though, have yet to lay the hundreds of kilometres of pipe required to connect trillions of cubic feet of recoverable shale gas in northeastern B.C. that underpin projects to the coast, and construction has not started on any export terminals...

                                “There isn’t any pipe that exists today to move that gas in any material amounts to the West Coast, so we’d have to build that infrastructure,” Girling told reporters late last month following the annual general meeting of TransCanada, Canada’s largest pipeline company.

                                At least four LNG partnerships, which include energy producers, have announced proposals to build projects in coastal Kitimat, B.C., and a host of others are examining the idea. Asian firms with experience developing upstream, midstream and downstream aspects of LNG — including Mitsubishi Corp., PetroChina Co. Ltd. and Korea Gas Corp., among others — have seized the opportunity, pledging billions of dollars in investments towards projects and development of northeast B.C.’s vast shale deposits.

                                Early entrants Apache Corp., Encana Corp. and EOG Resources Inc., forming one of two partnerships with an LNG export licence in B.C., have yet to make a final investment decision on the $4.7-billion facility and pipeline project, which would initially export five mmtpa, the equivalent of nearly 700 million cubic feet of gas per day...