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Thread: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

  1. Default Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    I have tried for two months to get my 01 chevy cavalier to pass an emmissions test. Every time it comes back OBD NOT READY. Specifically the Fuel Sys, Comp, and 02 sensor read NOT READY. I have driven the car about 50 miles today and tried the emmissions test twice, both with the same result. Every time I've tried the test it has been burning natural gas. There are no check engine lights on or anything abnormal, and the car runs perfectly fine in both natural gas and regular gas. Any ideas how I can get this car to pass an emissions test. It's obviously a problem with the car's self testing system.

  2. #2

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    You have to run it through a drive cycle on both fuels.

    I have an OBD Scan tool that tells me when the sensors are ready.
    Some sensors only reset when driving on gasoline.

    For the first drive cycle turn the vehicle off and remove the CNG 20amp fuse in the fuse box under the hood. That insures that the vehicle will run a cycle on gasoline.

    Do the following:

    1 - Cold Start. In order to be classified as a cold start the engine coolant temperature must be below 122F and within 11F of the ambient air temperature at startup. Do not leave the key on prior to the cold start or the heated oxygen sensor diagnostic may not run.

    2 - Idle. The engine must be run for two and a half minutes with the air conditioner on and rear defroster on. The more electrical load you can apply the better. This will test the O2 heater, Passive Air, Purge "No Flow", Misfire and if closed loop is achieved, Fuel Trim.

    3 - Accelerate. Turn off the air conditioner and all the other loads and apply half throttle until 55mph is reached. During this time the Misfire, Fuel Trim, and Purge Flow diagnostics will be performed.

    4 - Hold Steady Speed. Hold a steady speed of 55mph for 3 minutes. During this time the O2 response, air Intrusive, EGR, Purge, Misfire, and Fuel Trim diagnostics will be performed.

    5 - Decelerate. Let off the accelerator pedal. Do not shift, touch the brake or clutch. Let the vehicle coast along gradually slowing down to 20 mph. During this time the EGR, Purge and Fuel Trim diagnostics will be performed.

    6 - Accelerate. Accelerate at 3/4 throttle to 55-60mph. This will perform the same diagnostics as in step 3.

    7 - Hold Steady Speed. Hold a steady speed of 55mph for five minutes. During this time, in addition to the diagnostics performed in step 4, the catalyst monitor diagnostics will be performed. If the catalyst is marginal or the battery has been disconnected, it may take 5 complete driving cycles to determine the state of the catalyst.

    8 - Decelerate. This will perform the same diagnostics as in step 5. Again, don't press the brakes or shift gears.


    Now turn the vehicle off, put the 20amp CNG fuse back in and repeat the cycle on CNG. Make sure the car is running on CNG !! You don't need to do the Cold Start again (step 1). I usually have my drive arranged so that I drive to the mechanic with the car running and leave it running until he has done the emission test.

    I had the "sensors not ready" problem with the first 2001 Cavalier I sold and then I found this procedure and I've used it on every Cavalier I've taken in for emission testing and it's worked every time.

    It's important to have the vehicle off when removing and replacing the fuse. You don't want to short anything out.

    Hope this helps....

  3. #3

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    nttrainer,

    Great response! You should put that one in the Library.

    B/R,

    afvman

  4. #4

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    A day or two of 'normal driving' will also accomplish this. I have an OBDII interface for my laptop which also tells me when a car is 'emissions test ready.'

  5. Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    I had the same problem with my '01 cavalier, Fuel Sys, Comp, and 02 sensor read NOT READY. I didn't go to the same extent that nttrainer went to, but I was told that I needed to have the car run at a steady speed (between 55 and 60 mph) for at least 5 to ten minutes. I told the tech at the I/M shop that I'd be back in twenty, and got right onto a nearby highway and drove at exactly 55 mph for about 10 minutes... When I got back to the I/M shop, all the codes were ready.

  6. #6

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    Quote Originally Posted by freedml View Post
    A day or two of 'normal driving' will also accomplish this. I have an OBDII interface for my laptop which also tells me when a car is 'emissions test ready.'
    It just depends on which sensors are "not ready". You can drive all you want on CNG and some of the sensors (Evap Sys, Catalyst, O2 Sensor) won't go to ready until you drive on gasoline.

    The drive cycle is from GM (thanks CNG Utah). It is intended to cover the procedure necessary to reset all sensors.

    I'm attaching a failed emission report from Utah that shows which sensors were not reset by only driving on CNG. This test was done after almost 200 miles of "normal driving" but only on CNG. When we followed the drive cycle on gasoline all the sensors went to "Ready" state.

    The OBDII code reader that I have will tell me if a vehicle is "emissions test ready" also but it only reports for the fuel that the vehicle is currently running on. I've had it tell me that it's ready when I'm driving on CNG but when I switch over to gasoline it's not ready.
    Attached Images Attached Images

  7. #7
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    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    You're doing all the right things.

    Remember, that with OBDII, one monitor not running to competion will cause another monitor not to run. For example, if the O2 monitor does not complete then the misfire monitor, fuel system (fuel trim) monitor, and CAT monitor will not run because they are dependent on a properly operating O2 monitor to run their tests.

    If necessary you can use "Mode 6" to check if some of the components are marginal on their test results. The computer based Autoengineuity scantool has mode 6 capability as do most of the newer factory scantools

    After you pull the fuse and reset the monitors for the second test, you should not get the EVAP monitor to run because of the engine temperature conditions. That would be normal on many of the GM products.

    Larrycng

  8. #8

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    Ok, so a day or two of driving on each fuel should make it ready. In California they only test the fuel that the car is running on at the time of the test. Were they doing more extensive testing or does their computer only look at the gasoline computer? The original post doesn't say which state it's from.

  9. #9

    Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    I don't know if all counties in Utah are requiring this but Utah County (where I live) is requiring that the emissions test be performed on BOTH fuels. They are also getting very picky about non-EPA approved systems.

  10. Default Re: Emissions test not ready 01 Chevy Cavalier

    ... "You can drive all you want on CNG and some of the sensors (Evap Sys, Catalyst, O2 Sensor) won't go to ready until you drive on gasoline."

    I don't want to sound too critical, but this statement cannot be true. As I stated previously, my '01 cavalier Fuel Sys, Comp, and 02 sensor were NOT READY. I had been driving normally on CNG for several hundred miles prior to this experience, but the codes were NOT ready. I did not switch to gasoline, instead I drove the car at a steady speed (I actually drove about 10 minutes at exactly 50mph, and about ten more at 55 mph) on CNG. When I got back to the I/M shop, all the codes were ready. I know from personal experience that the codes can all be ready even if you are only on CNG.

    Something that I forgot to mention previously: When I returned to the shop after the drive, I did not shut off the car, but left it running until the tech checked it. My plan was that if it didn't work the second time, I would unplug the low pressure lock-off, run on gasoline for 20 minutes and come back later, but it never got to that, 'cause it worked even on CNG.

    KIRK

    Also, check out this post for what other people have said... http://cngchat.com/forum/showthread.php?t=2525&
    Last edited by kirkbenge; 12-18-2008 at 12:04 PM.

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