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  • #61
    Sept 5 2017 by Michael Bates for NGTNews - Freedom CNG says pipeline operators provided an uninterrupted supply to all affected areas during Hurricane Harvey. Texas has over 150 natural gas stations, and each had supply throughout the storm. Also, the price was stable, and no shortages were reported. Freedom CNG, for example, was fueling METRO transit buses, garbage trucks, AT&T service vehicles and many other fleets in greater Houston.


    • #62
      Links for LNG18 in Shanghai China. This triennial event is the pre-eminent forum for the LNG industry and covers all aspects of the LNG chain. China is the fastest growing LNG market in the world today, and Shanghai is expected to attract 11,000 attendees from 550 organisations:


      • #63
        Oct 31, 2017 - Dominion Energy Cove Point, located near located near Lusby Maryland, plans to start LNG production in November and expects the export facility to be in service by the end of 2017:


        • #64
          Nelson Bennett for BIV (Business in Vancouver) Sept 14 2017 - At the end of July, Malaysia s Petronas announced it was canceling its $36 billion Pacific NorthWest LNG project in Prince Rupert. With a current glut of LNG on the world market, and increasing competition from the U.S., which is suddenly a real player in the LNG space, the economics are not right for a major LNG project in Canada. Some NDP critics blame the new government, saying the NDP sent negative signals to the industry by officially opposing the Petronas project and vowing to increase regulatory burden on the natural gas and LNG industry.

          Figure out who s left. I see everything whittling down to who are the real players in this. Those players are Shell (LNG Canada), Chevron-Woodside (Kitimat LNG) and Imperial-Exxon (West Coast Canada LNG). Of these three, Shell's LNG Canada project is viewed to be the one with the greatest prospect of moving ahead. The project has all of its environmental certificates and the only major milestone left is a final investment decision, which has been indefinitely postponed.

          Robin Rowland for The Canadian Press

          B.C.s dreams of a prosperous liquefied natural gas industry might be delayed but they are not dead, Liberal Leader Christy Clark insisted as she took her re-election campaign to the province s north coast April 13 2017. Clark attacked the NDP, saying the party would scrap LNG projects and that it has forgotten the province s wealth can be developed beneath the land. They have forgotten working people:

          May 28, 20107 - British Columbia s 2017 election is over and the results are final. The Liberals, led by Christy Clark, won 43 seats; the Greens, led by Andrew Weaver, won three seats; and the New Democrats (NDP), led by John Horgan, won 41 seats:

          Amy Judd for Global News May 10, 2017 - Ellis Ross, former chief of the Haisla First Nations and a prominent aboriginal leader, who is known for his support of LNG. In 2012, Ross was appointed the inaugural Chair of the Aboriginal Business and Investment Council by Christy Clark.

 biggest criticism from the industry of the former B.C. Liberal government s tax and royalty regime for LNG was a special LNG tax, which companies in the U.S. and Australia do not pay.

          A current glut of LNG on the market, much of it from new LNG plants in Australia, have whittled global LNG prices in half from what they were in 2013, when many of the big players, like Shell, were entering regulatory processes.

          Robin Rowland for National Post Sept 21, 2017 - China s plan to generate 15 per cent of its electricity from natural gas by 2030 will be a game changer for global natural gas markets that would create an undersupply of LNG two to three years earlier than expected. LNG demand has grown 12 per cent year-over-year and further growth would lead to projects being sanctioned in Canada.

          News video sums it up (climate change activists celebrate as regional unemployment grows):



          • #65
            Andrew Kurjata for Canadian Press Jan 24, 2018 - A natural gas company has been fined $235,000 after 14 migratory birds were found dead in one of its containment tanks north of Fort St. John, B.C. Enforcement officers found the birds floating on the surface of an above-ground tank used to store fluid for the hydraulic fracturing process in 2013, but says the company has since installed equipment to ensure no other birds become trapped:


            Canadian Press Jan 24, 2018 - Mr. Weaver, whose Green caucus holds the balance of power in the B.C. legislature, says he and his fellow Green MLAs are prepared to bring down the NDP government if the New Democrats breathe a positive word about developing a LNG industry in the Speech from the Throne:



            • #66
              Gregory Hawken Dramer for Thomson Reuters 20 Feb 2018 - What is the LNG supply outlook for 2018? The U.S. has a number of projects all the way from Maryland down to Texas that are expected to start commercial operation this year.



              • #67
                Joseph Green for LNG Industry Aug 7 2018 - New wave of mega LNG projects is approaching

                Reuters are reporting that a new race to build multi-billion dollar LNG plants is gaining momentum after a long hiatus in investments as energy giants sense a widening supply gap within five years. Qatar, the world s largest LNG producer, is preparing to expand its facilities by around one third to produce 100 – 108 million tpy by 2023 – 2024. The state-owned company expects long-standing partners Exxon Mobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Total and ConocoPhillips to help build and fund the new expansion phases as well as possibly new entrants, he said.

                A major change in the outlook happened after China strongly boosted imports of LNG in recent years to reduce coal burn in its fight against pollution.

                The supply-demand balance definitely looks more favorable towards producers these days, said Philippe Sauquet, the head of gas at France s Total, the world s second largest LNG trader after Shell. The LNG market will require over 200 million tpy of new supply through to 2030, or roughly 25 – 30 million tpy in new capacity additions to 2025.

                The main source of growth is expected to come from the United States, where supplies rose sharply and prices plummeted with the expansion of shale drilling. Investors were highly critical of oil and gas companies earlier this decade as costs ballooned for many LNG projects under development such as Chevron s US$54 billion Gorgon project in western Australia, the most expensive in history, or Shell s US$14 billion Prelude LNG, the world s largest floating structure.

                Shell, which acquired BG Group in 2016 for US$54 billion to boost its gas output, is nearing a decision on the development of LNG Canada. It would be its first new LNG project since 2011. We expect a supply gap in the gas market in the early 2020s ... LNG Canada looks very promising, Shell Chief Financial Officer Jessica Uhl said last month.

                Global demand for LNG surged by 12% in 2017, far exceeding forecasts, and is expected to grow by up to 10% in 2018, according to analysts at Bernstein. Oil and gas companies have heralded LNG as the fossil fuel of the future thanks to its relatively low carbon emissions. Natural gas, the least polluting fossil fuel, is a key growth area for energy companies which see it playing a pivotal role in the world s efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to fight global warming.

                For companies like Shell and BP, the share of gas production has surpassed that of oil in recent years.



                • #68
                  Service, Prices Stabilized in BC, Western U.S. Following Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture
                  Gordon Jaremko for Natural Gas Intelligence October 12, 2018

                  Puget Sound Energy (PSE) described its supply for the Seattle region as stabilized with help from other utilities in the northwestern United States and by Northwest Pipeline, which has connections with U.S. production as well as BC imports.

                  Our calls for conservation are over for both business and residential customers, said PSE. We are now reaching out to business customers who curtailed their usage to let them know they may resume normal gas use.

                  FortisBC resumed service at a slower pace because it relies on the Westcoast system for about 80 percent of its gas. Northwestern U.S. distributors normally import about one-half of their supplies from BC, and they can turn to U.S. gas in an emergency.

                  As in BC, high-volume industrial gas users were the first to lose service in Washington as a result of the Westcoast accident. Commodity traders and analysts speculated that motor gasoline prices would jump if a prolonged disruption of natural gas fuel for heat processes forced refineries to shut down for long.

                  The interruption of BC exports drove northwestern U.S. natural gas prices up by about 10 percent on Wednesday, into the US$3.35/MMBtu range.

                  Western Canadian prices on Wednesday headed in the opposite direction, touching bottoms well below US$1.00 in the most directly affected production areas, because the loss of Enbridge-Westcoast export service aggravated a supply glut across northern BC and Alberta supply fields.

                  Upon the restart of the unaffected line on Thursday, the expected increase in supply allowed downstream U.S. markets to soften considerably. Malin spot gas plunged 43 cents to $2.915, and PG&E Citygate tumbled 26 cents to $3.505.

                  In the Rockies, Kingsgate dropped 38.5 cents to $2.775, and Opal fell 38.5 cents to $2.865.

                  Canadian points, meanwhile, bounced back from Wednesday, with next-day gas at Westcoast Station 2 jumping more than $1 to $1.95 on the increased takeaway capacity.




                  • #69
                    U.S. Quadruples LNG Exports in 2017

                    The United States ramped up its exports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in 2017, quadrupling the amount of cargo shipped across the globe when compared with prior year. All of the exported LNG originated from Louisiana’s Sabine Pass liquefaction terminal and reached 25 countries.

                    More than half (53 pct) of exported gas was shipped to Mexico (20 Pct), South Korea (18 pct), and China (15 pct). Almost 60 pct of the cargo was sold on a spot basis to more than 20 countries in Asia, North and South America, Europe, the Middle East and North Africa, and the Caribbean. Countries in Europe collectively accounted for the third-largest share of U.S. LNG exports, driven by increased demand primarily from the power generation sector. South American LNG imports declined in 2017.

                    Two LNG projects, Sabine Pass in Louisiana and Cove Point in Maryland, have come online since 2016, with four more projects scheduled to start operation shortly: Elba Island LNG in Georgia and Cameron LNG in Louisiana in 2018, followed by Freeport LNG and Corpus Christi LNG in Texas in 2019. This will bring the U.S. export capacity to 9.6 Bcf/d by the end of 2019.

                    The United States is projected to become the third-largest LNG exporter in the world by 2020, surpassing Malaysia and remaining behind only Australia and Qatar, EIA said.




                    • #70
                      Jamie Webster, Buddy Myers, Maurice Berns, Clint Follette, and Jaime Ruiz-Cabrero for May 16, 2019 - Just How Disruptive Will IMO 2020 Be?

                      . . . But the high cost of engine and infrastructure conversion and the logistics of onboard storage (LNG tanks take up considerable space) will likely dissuade a critical mass of (ocean) shipping companies from pursuing it, at least in the near term . . .



                      • #71
                        I think that lng or cng is the way to go run duel fuel till it is time for a overhaul than add spark plugs .that will clean up the stacks alot and for fuel storage put the tanks in sea land containers fill them on the dock and when the ship makes port just use the ports cranes and swap fuel containers and jack fuel hoses from a manifold into the container. I think one could fuel faster swapping out containers than pumping heavy oil onboard


                        • #72

                          Riviera Newsdesk 18 Dec 2018 - US LNG export capacity to more than double by end of 2019

                          U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG) export capacity will reach 8.9 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) by the end of 2019, making the U.S. the third largest in the world behind Australia and Qatar. Currently, U.S. LNG export capacity stands at 3.6 Bcf/d, and it is expected to end the year at 4.9 Bcf/d as two new liquefaction units (called trains) become operational.

                          The United States began exporting LNG from the Lower 48 states in February 2016, when the Sabine Pass liquefaction terminal in Louisiana shipped its first cargo. Since then, Sabine Pass expanded from one to four operating liquefaction trains, and the Cove Point LNG export facility began operation in Maryland. Two more trains—Sabine Pass Train 5 and Corpus Christi LNG Train 1—began LNG production this year, several months ahead of schedule, and are expected to ship their first cargos within the next few weeks.

                          Two more LNG export facilities—Cameron LNG in Louisiana and Freeport LNG in Texas—are currently being commissioned. Commissioning of liquefaction facilities involves introducing natural gas feed into the train and ultimately producing LNG. For liquefaction terminals, which use refrigeration to cool natural gas into liquid form, commissioning also includes getting the equipment and refrigerants down to sufficiently cold temperatures. The first LNG production from these facilities is expected in the first half of 2019. The developers of these projects expect all three trains at Cameron LNG and two trains at Freeport LNG to be placed in service in 2019.

                          The Elba Island LNG facility near Savannah, Georgia, is also scheduled to become fully operational by the end of 2019. Elba Island LNG consists of 10 small modular liquefaction units with a combined capacity of 0.33 Bcf/d. Project developers expect LNG production from the first train to begin early next year and from the remaining nine trains to commence sequentially through the rest of 2019. The second train at Corpus Christi LNG is scheduled to be placed in service in the second quarter of 2019. The final two trains of the U.S. liquefaction projects currently under construction—Freeport Train 3 and Corpus Christi Train 3—are expected in service in the second quarters of 2020 and 2021, respectively.



                          • #73
                            Susan Standen for ABC (Pilbara Australia region) 25 Jul 2019 - Chevron Wheatstone LNG plant construction sees 30,000 native animals moved to safety

                            During construction of Chevron's massive gas processing facility, 12 kilometres from the tiny town of Onslow, just over 30,000 animals were salvaged from the 1,000 hectare site at the top of Exmouth Gulf.

                            Many native species of frogs, lizards, snakes, mice, and geckos, among others, were collected by a team of zoologists ahead of the termite mound deconstructions. Graham Thompson, partner and principal zoologist at Terrestrial Ecosystems said it was the largest number of animals he had ever removed from an industrial development site. Approximately 10,000 frogs were found in the waterways, flow sheets and dry areas where frogs hibernate between the wet periods.

                            Snakes eat the mice, and the carnivorous marsupial mice — called planigales — eat the white ants and geckos who also eat the white ants in a never ending cycle of life inside a mound, which can last hundreds or even thousands of years in some countries. 184 king brown snakes, 60 death adders, 444 Stimson pythons, and 106 black-headed pythons were caught overall on the project. In all, 240 species were recorded in the mammoth effort to collect and relocate as many animals as possible from November 2011 until July 2018. The 10km radius outside of the plant construction site was used to relocate the animals, where similar conditions exist to original habitat.


                            The less-than-glamorous part of the work included managing incursions of invading species such as green tree frogs, rats, foxes and a huge number of cats. Scott Thompson said one of the lessons for companies was that they should establish a quarantine area when development begins, to prevent pest species from entering the area in vehicles. Feral cats and wild dogs will scavenge at any waste dump or camp food source, so waste needs to be removed from sites completely to prevent issues such as wild animals causing injuries to either humans or native species.




                            • #74
                              Kathryn Diss for ABC 20 Jun 2018 - How the Gorgon gas plant could wipe out a year s worth of Australia's solar emissions savings

                              The combined greenhouse gas emissions saved by all of Australia's solar panels in a year could be wiped out because of technical problems at a single oil and gas project in Western Australia. Chevron began operating its $US54 billion Gorgon LNG plant in 2016. Part of its environmental agreement was to capture and store underground 40 per cent of the plant s emissions through a sophisticated process known as geosequestration or carbon capture and storage.

                              This involves capturing carbon dioxide, typically produced by large industrial plants, before it enters the atmosphere. Chevron predicted that process would have seen between 5.5 and 8 million tonnes of CO2 injected into the ground during the plant s first two years of production from the Gorgon field, making it one of the largest carbon abatement activities in the world.

                              Instead, technical problems with seals and corrosion issues in the infrastructure have delayed CO2 storage and the Federal Government, which contributed $60 million towards the green technology, is not expecting the problem to be rectified until March 2019 — about two years after production began from the Gorgon gas field.

                              By that point, experts including energy consultancy firm Energetics predict the additional CO2 emitted into the atmosphere will be roughly equivalent to the 6.2 million tonnes in emissions saved in a year by all the solar panels in the country combined — from small household rooftop systems to major commercial installations.

                              Over the year to December 2017, greenhouse gas emissions jumped 1.5 per cent. The Government has blamed the latest rise on a big jump in LNG production during 2017. The LNG sector's emissions are forecast to grow by another third by 2020, outweighing the offsets achieved by all the projects expected to be installed under the Renewable Energy Target (RET).



                              • #75
                                Ariel Cohen Jan 7, 2019 for Forbes - The US Can Be A Top Three Global LNG Exporter Before 2020

                                The United States has been exporting LNG since February 2016 when Cheniere’s (NYSE:LNG) Sabine Pass facility shipped its first cargo out of Louisiana. The terminal has since expanded from just one gas liquefaction facility (known as a train) to five, capable of processing over 3 billion cubic feet of gas per day (Bcf/d). Cheniere’s new Corpus Christi terminal in Texas is also up and running, with two more trains scheduled to be completed by 2021, totaling close to another 3 Bcf/d.

                                But Cheniere is no longer the only game in town. The Cove Point facility in Maryland – owned by Dominion Energy (NYSE) – has been exporting up to .75 Bcf/d of LNG since March of 2018.

                                All told, the United States produces about 90 Bcf/d of gas per day but is only capable of shipping some 3.6 Bcf/d via liquified natural gas. This makes it the fourth largest of the world’s 19 LNG exporting nations. Should all proposed facilities come online as scheduled, however, America’s LNG capacity would nearly triple to 8.9 Bcf/d by the close of 2019. This would place the United States just behind Australia (10.8 Bcf/d) and Qatar (9.9 Bcf/d), the number 1 and number 2 LNG exporters (as of December 2018). Malaysia currently occupies the number three position at 4.5 Bcf/d with Nigeria and Indonesia now lagging behind U.S. production.

                                China is now the top importer of natural gas (second largest importer of LNG) and single greatest driver of new gas demand growth. The country is so gas hungry that despite the 10% import tariff levied by Beijing on American LNG, the PRC still purchased two tankers-worth from U.S. suppliers in December.

                                How is American gas so cheap? A surplus of gas from vast shale reserves and bottlenecks of mid-stream and downstream infrastructure have resulted in a domestic gas glut. Much of this supply growth comes from the prolific Permian basin, where there is so much gas that prices actually fell below zero in November last year, resulting in some producers actually paying others to off-take their gas. Talk about an arbitrage opportunity.

                                So, will U.S. gas producers hit their resolution for 2019 – or 2020 at the latest – and muscle into the top three global LNG producers? Unless you like losing, don’t bet against America’s shale revolution.